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$ Tok

Interpret a string as a data value

x$y    $[x;y]

Where

  • y is a string
  • x is a non-positive short or upper-case char as below (or the null symbol as a synonym for "S")

returns y as an atom value interpreted according to x.

x values for Tok:

q){([result:key'[x$\:()]];short:neg x;char:upper .Q.t x)}5h$where" "<>20#.Q.t
result   | short char
---------| ----------
string   |  0    *
boolean  | -1    B
guid     | -2    G
byte     | -4    X
short    | -5    H
int      | -6    I
long     | -7    J
real     | -8    E
float    | -9    F
char     | -10   C
symbol   | -11   S
timestamp| -12   P
month    | -13   M
date     | -14   D
datetime | -15   Z
timespan | -16   N
minute   | -17   U
second   | -18   V
time     | -19   T

A left argument of 0h or "*" returns the y string unchanged.

Where x is a positive or zero short, a lower-case char, "*", or a non-null symbol, see Cast.

q)"E"$"3.14"
3.14e
q)-8h$"3.14"
3.14e
q)"D"$"2000-12-12"
2000.12.12
q)"U"$"12:13:14"
12:13
q)"T"$"123456789"
12:34:56.789
q)"P"$"2015-10-28D03:55:58.6542"
2015.10.28D03:55:58.654200000

Iteration

Tok is a near-atomic function. Implicit recursion stops at strings, not atoms.

q)"BXH"$("42";"42";"42")
0b
0x42
42h

q)("B";"XHI")$("42";("42";"42";"42"))
0b
(0x42;42h;42i)

q)"B"$"   Y  "
1b
q)"B"$'"   Y  "
000100b

Symbols

Use the null symbol as a shorthand left argument for "S".

q)"S"$"hello"
`hello
q)`$"hello"
`hello

Converting a string to a symbol removes leading and trailing blanks.

q)`$"   IBM   "
`IBM

Truthy characters

Certain characters are recognized as boolean True:

q)"B"$(" Y ";"    N ")
10b
q)" ",.Q.an
" abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ_0123456789"
q)"B"$'" ",.Q.an
0000000000000000000010001100000000000000000000100011000100000000b

q).Q.an where"B"$'.Q.an
"txyTXY1"

Contrast this with casting to boolean:

q)"b"$" ",.Q.an
1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111b

IP address

q)"I"$"192.168.1.34" /an IP address as an int
-1062731486i
q)"NT"$\:"123456123987654"  / since V3.4
0D12:34:56.123987654
12:34:56.123

.Q.addr, .Q.host

Unix timestamps

(from seconds since Unix epoch), string with 9…11 digits:

q)"P"$"10129708800"
2290.12.31D00:00:00.000000000
q)"P"$"00000000000"
1970.01.01D00:00:00.000000000

If these digits are followed by a . Tok will parse what follows . as parts of second, e.g.

q)"P"$"10129708800.123456789"
2290.12.31D00:00:00.123456789
q)"P"$"00000000000.123456789"
1970.01.01D00:00:00.123456789

q)"PZ"$\:"20191122-11:11:11.123"
2019.11.22D11:11:11.123000000
2019.11.22T11:11:11.123

Date formats

"D"$ will Tok dates with varied formats:

[yy]yymmdd
ddMMM[yy]yy
yyyy/[mm|MMM]/dd
[mm|MMM]/dd/[yy]yy  / \z 0  
dd/[mm|MMM]/[yy]yy  / \z 1

Command-line option -z (date format)
System command \z (date format)


Cast
Overloads of $
.h.iso8601 ISO 8601 timestamp
Casting
Q for Mortals §7.3.3 Parsing Data from Strings

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