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Named pipes

Since V3.4 it has been possible to read FIFOs/named pipes on Unix.

q)h:hopen`:fifo://file / Opens file as read-only. Note the fifo prefix
q)read1 h              / Performs a single blocking read into a 64k byte buffer. 
q)/ Returns empty byte vector on eof
q)read1 (h;n)          / Alternatively, specify the buffer size n. 
q)/ At most, n bytes will be read, perhaps fewer
q)hclose h             / Close the file to clean up

.Q.fps is .Q.fs for pipes. (.Q.fpn corresponds to .Q.fsn.)

The following example loads a CSV via FIFO, avoiding decompressing to disk:

q)system"rm -f fifo && mkfifo fifo"
q)system"unzip -p t.csv > fifo &"
q)trade:flip `sym`time`ex`cond`size`price!"STCCFF"$\:()
q).Q.fps[{`trade insert ("STCCFF";",")0:x}]`:fifo

A `:fifo:// handle is also useful for reading certain non-seekable or zero-length (therefore, unsuitable for the regular read1) system files or devices, e.g.

q)read1 (a;8)
q)hclose a