# CPU affinity¶

Q can be constrained to run on specific cores through the setting of CPU affinity.

Typically, you can set the CPU affinity for the shell you are in, and then processes started within that shell will inherit the affinity.

Command-line parameter -w, System command \w, utility .Q.w (memory stats)

## Linux¶

When NUMA (Non-Uniform Access Memory) is not active, this is achieved through the taskset command, e.g.

$taskset -c 0,1,2 q  will run q on cores 0,1 and 2. Or as follows $ taskset -c 0,1,2 bash


and then all processes started from within that new shell will automatically be restricted to those cores.

Q and NUMA do not work well together. If NUMA is active, you should use numactl instead of taskset.

$numactl --interleave=all --physcpubind=0,1,2 q  and set $ echo 0 > /proc/sys/vm/zone_reclaim_mode


You can change zone_reclaim_mode without restarting q.

You can tell if NUMA is active via the following commands

$grep NUMA=y /boot/config-uname -r CONFIG_NUMA=y CONFIG_AMD_NUMA=y CONFIG_X86_64_ACPI_NUMA=y CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA=y  or testing for the presence of NUMA maps $ find /proc -name numa_maps
/proc/12108/numa_maps
/proc/12109/numa_maps
...


Other ways to limit resources

On Linux systems, administrators might prefer cgroups as a way of limiting resources.

On Unix systems, memory usage can be constrained using ulimit, e.g.

$ulimit -v 262144 limits virtual address space to 256MB. ## Solaris¶ Use psrset $ psrset -e 2 q


which will run q using processor set 2. Or, to start a shell restricted to those cores:

\$ psrset -e 2 bash


## Windows¶

Start q.exe with the OS command start with the /affinity flag set

C> start /affinity 3 c:\q\w64\q.exe


will run q on core 3.