embedR, an interface for calling R from q¶
This package is used to invoke R from q for both 32- and 64-bit builds. If the appropriate build is not available on your target system, build instructions are available in the
README.md for this repository
A shared library can be loaded which brings R into the q memory space, meaning all the R statistical routines and graphing capabilities can be invoked directly from q. Using this method means data is not passed between remote processes. The library has five methods:
Ropen: open R
Rclose: close R
Rcmd: run an R command, do not return a result
Rget: run an R command, return the result to q
Rset: set a variable in the R memory space
R_HOME environment variable must be set prior to starting q.
To find out what that should be, run R from the Bash shell and see the result of
> R.home()  "/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources"
and then set it accordingly in your environment; e.g. for macOS with a Bash shell
Optional additional environment variables are
LD_LIBRARY_PATH (for libR.so).
An example is outlined below, using q to subselect some data and then passing it to R for graphical display.
q)select count i by date from trade date | x ----------| -------- 2014.01.07| 29205636 2014.01.08| 30953246 2014.01.09| 30395962 2014.01.10| 29253110 2014.01.13| 32763630 2014.01.14| 29721162 2014.01.15| 30035729 .. /- extract mid prices in 5 minute bars q)mids:select mid:last .5*bid+ask by time:0D00:05 xbar date+time from quotes where date=2014.01.17,sym=`IBM,time within 09:30 16:00 q)mids time | mid -----------------------------| -------- 2014.01.15D09:30:00.000000000| 185.92 2014.01.15D09:35:00.000000000| 185.74 2014.01.15D09:40:00.000000000| 186.11 2014.01.15D09:45:00.000000000| 186.36 2014.01.15D09:50:00.000000000| 186.5 2014.01.15D09:55:00.000000000| 186.98 2014.01.15D10:00:00.000000000| 187.45 2014.01.15D10:05:00.000000000| 187.48 2014.01.15D10:10:00.000000000| 187.66 .. /- Load in R q)\l rinit.q /- Pass the table into the R memory space q)Rset["mids";mids] /- Graph it q)Rcmd["plot(mids$time,mids$mid,type=\"l\",xlab=\"time\",ylab=\"price\")"]
This will produce a plot as shown in Figure 4:
Figure 4: Quote mid price plot drawn from q
To close the graphics window, use
dev.off() rather than the close button on the window.
Alternatively, the table can be written to a file with
q)Rcmd["pdf('test.pdf')"] q)Rcmd["plot(mids$time,mids$mid,type='l',xlab='time',ylab='price')"] q)Roff
If the q and R installations are running remotely from the user on a Linux machine, the graphics can be seen locally using X11 forwarding over SSH.
Aside from using R’s powerful graphics, this mechanism also allows you to call R analytics from within q. Using a rather simple example of an average
q)\l rinit.q q)prices:10?100 q)Rset["prices";prices] q)Rcmd["meanPrices<-mean(prices)"] q)Rget"meanPrices" ,55.6 q)avg prices / agrees with q? 55.6
This is a trivial example to demonstrate the mechanics of the interface allowing you to leverage the 5,000 libraries available to R from within q.