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Listening port

Use the -p command-line option or the \p system command to tell kdb+ to listen to a port. The command-line option and the system command take the same parameters and have the same syntax and semantics.

Syntax: [-p|\p] [hostname:][portnumber|servicename]

Where

  • portnumber is an integer
  • servicename is defined in /etc/services

kdb+ will listen to portnumber or the port number of servicename on all interfaces, or on hostname only if specified. The port must be available and the process must have permission for the port.

The default is 0 (no listening port).

Use for client/server, e.g. kdbc(JDBC ODBC), HTTP (HTML XML TXT CSV).

Given a servicename, q will look up its port number in /etc/services.

q)\p commplex-main  / servicename
q)\p 
5000i

If you know the process is for clients on the localhost only, choose localhost:port for maximum security.

Ephemeral port

A portnumber of 0W means pick a random available port within the range 32768–60999.

q)\p 5010     / set port 5010
q)\p
5010
q)\p 0W       / pick a random available port within the range 32768 - 60999
q)\p
45512
q)\p 0        / turn off listening port

Multi-threaded port

A negative port sets a multi-threaded port and if used it must be the initial and only mode of operation, i.e. do not dynamically switch between positive port and negative port.

Unix domain socket

Setting the listening port with -p 5000 in addition to listening on TCP port 5000, also creates a UDS (Unix domain socket) on /tmp/kx.5000. You can disable listening on the UDS, or change the default path from /tmp using environment variable QUDSPATH.

q)/ disable listening on unix domain socket
q)system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;""];system"p 6000" 
q)/ use /home/kdbuser as path
q)system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;"/home/kdbuser"];system"p 6000" 

V3.5+ uses abstract namespace for Unix domain sockets on Linux to avoid file-permission issues in /tmp.

N.B. hence V3.5 cannot connect to V3.4 using UDS.

q)hopen`:unix://5000

On macOS:

q)\p 5000
q)\ls /tmp/kx*
"/tmp/kx.5000"
q)system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;""];system"p 5000" 
q)\ls /tmp/kx*
ls: /tmp/kx*: No such file or directory
'os
q)system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;"/tmp/kxuds"];system"p 5000" 
'cannot listen on uds /tmp/kxuds/kx.5000. OS reports: No such file or directory
  [0]  system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;"/tmp/kxuds"];system"p 5000" 
                                                  ^
q)\mkdir /tmp/kxuds
q)system"p 0";setenv[`QUDSPATH;"/tmp/kxuds"];system"p 5000" 
q)\ls /tmp/kxuds
"kx.5000"

Reference: hopen
Command-line options: -e, -p
System command: \p
Knowledge Base: Multithreaded input mode