# Reference/wj

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 20:04, 25 November 2011 (view source)m (→Syntax)← Older edit Revision as of 15:00, 24 January 2012 (view source) (→Syntax)Newer edit → Line 26: Line 26: A quote is understood to be in existence until the next quote. A quote is understood to be in existence until the next quote. − wj and wj1 are both [] interval, i.e. they consider quotes>=beginning and <=end of the interval. + Since v3.0, wj and wj1 are both [] interval, i.e. they consider quotes>=beginning and <=end of the interval. For wj, the prevailing quote on entry to the window is considered valid as quotes are a step function. For wj, the prevailing quote on entry to the window is considered valid as quotes are a step function. wj1 considers quotes on or after entry to the window. If the join is to consider quotes that arrive from the beginning of the interval, please use '''wj1'''. wj1 considers quotes on or after entry to the window. If the join is to consider quotes that arrive from the beginning of the interval, please use '''wj1'''. + + + Prior to v3.0, wj1 considers only quotes in the window except for the window end (i.e. quotes >= start and < end). == Example == == Example ==

## wj wj1 (window join function)

Window join is a generalization of asof join, and is available from kdb+ 2.6. asof join takes a snapshot of the current state, while window join aggregates all values of specified columns within intervals.

## Syntax

```  wj[w;c;t;(q;(f0;c0);(f1;c1))]
```

where:

• t and q are the tables to be joined. q should be sorted `sym`time with `p# on sym
• w is a pair of lists of times, begin and end
• c are the common column names, for syms and times
• f0,f1 are aggregation functions applied to values in q columns c0,c1 over the intervals

Typically. this might be:

```  wj[w;`sym`time;trade;(quote;(max;`ask);(min;`bid))]
```

For each record in t, the result has a record with additional columns c0 and c1, which are the results of the aggregation functions applied to values over the matching intervals in w.

A quote is understood to be in existence until the next quote.

Since v3.0, wj and wj1 are both [] interval, i.e. they consider quotes>=beginning and <=end of the interval.

For wj, the prevailing quote on entry to the window is considered valid as quotes are a step function.

wj1 considers quotes on or after entry to the window. If the join is to consider quotes that arrive from the beginning of the interval, please use wj1.

Prior to v3.0, wj1 considers only quotes in the window except for the window end (i.e. quotes >= start and < end).

## Example

```q)t:([]sym:3#`ibm;time:10:01:01 10:01:04 10:01:08;price:100 101 105)
q)t
sym time     price
------------------
ibm 10:01:01 100
ibm 10:01:04 101
ibm 10:01:08 105

q)q:([]sym:9#`ibm;time:10:01:01+til 9;ask:101 103 103 104 104 107 108 107 108;bid:98 99 102 103 103 104 106 106 107)
q)q
--------------------
ibm 10:01:01 101 98
ibm 10:01:02 103 99
ibm 10:01:03 103 102
ibm 10:01:04 104 103
ibm 10:01:05 104 103
ibm 10:01:06 107 104
ibm 10:01:07 108 106
ibm 10:01:08 107 106
ibm 10:01:09 108 107

q)f:`sym`time
q)w:-2 1+\:t.time

--------------------------
ibm 10:01:01 100   103 98
ibm 10:01:04 101   104 99
ibm 10:01:08 105   108 104
```

The interval values may be seen as:

```q)wj[w;f;t;(q;(::;`ask);(::;`bid))]
--------------------------------------------------
ibm 10:01:01 100   101 103         98 99
ibm 10:01:04 101   103 103 104 104 99 102 103 103
ibm 10:01:08 105   107 108 107 108 104 106 106 107
```