Reference/AtSymbol

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@ (index/apply)

The verb @ is used for indexing at the top level. It selects items from the list specified by the first argument at indices specified by the second

q)d:((1 2 3;4 5 6 7);(8 9;10;11 12);(13 14;15 16 17 18;19 20))
q)d@1
(8 9;10;11 12)
q)d@1 2 / selects 2 items at the top level
((8 9;10;11 12);(13 14;15 16 17 18;19 20))
q)@[d;1 1 1;+;3]
((1 2 3;4 5 6 7);(17 18;19;20 21);(13 14;15 16 17 18;19 20))

For the four-argument form above, see Functional Forms of Amend.

Since kdb+ v3.4 certain vectors can be updated directly on disk without the need to fully rewrite the file. Such vectors must have no attribute, be of a mappable type, not nested, not an enumeration, and not compressed. e.g.

q)`:data set til 20;
q)@[`:data;3 6 8;:;100 200 300];
q)get`:data
0 1 2 100 4 5 200 7 300 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

A monadic function g with argument d can be evaluated by g@d or g . enlist d.

q)f:{x*2}
q)f@42
84

Functions with no arguments require special handling. For example, if f:{2+3} then f can be evaluated with @ and any argument.

q)f:{2+3}
q)f[]
5
q)f@0
5

Both . and @ are referred to as Index or Apply, depending on the context.

Information.png @ most of the time can be left out, whitespace means the same and it is more readable.

trap

@ is also trap

See also


For a complete list of functions, see the kdb+ Function Reference.

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