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Running Python code

Run the examples

To run the following examples, load p.q.

q)\l p.q

Execute Python code

The interface allows execution of Python code directly in a q console or from a script. In both console and scripts, prefix Python code with p).


Q scripts (but not the console) can load and execute multiline Python code. Prefix the first line of the code with p) and indent subsequent lines of Python code according to the usual Python indentation rules.

$ cat embedPytest.q
a:1                   / q code
p)def add1(arg1):     # Python code
    return arg1+1     # still Python code

In a q session

q)\l embedPytest.q

Full scripts of Python code can be executed in q, using the .p file extension (not .py). The script is loaded as usual.

$ cat helloq.p 
print("Hello q!")
q)\l helloq.p
Hello q!

Evaluate Python code

To evaluate Python code (as a string) and return results to q, use .p.qeval.


Side effects Python evaluation (unlike Python execution) does not allow side effects. Any attempt at variable assignment or class definition will signal an error. To execute a string performing side effects, use .p.e. A more detailed explanation of the difference between eval and exec in Python can be found here.